Montessori Model vs Traditional Model

Enhanced curriculum vs. Grade-level curriculum
Student progress and mastery of concepts vs. Peer comparisons by test
Observation-based progress report vs. Graded report cards
Progress at individual rate vs. Annual promotion
Emphasis on learning vs. Emphasis on grades
Emphasis on individuality vs. Emphasis on conformity
Multi-age classroom vs. Single-age classroom
Children learn leadership skills by helping each other vs. Teacher helps children
Freedom to move around room vs. Seated at desks
Individual and small group lessons vs. Large group lessons
Children learn by doing vs. Teacher lectures
Self-correcting materials vs. Teacher as source of answers
Child-centered schedule/environment vs. Teacher-centered schedule/environment
Empowering children to make choices vs. Teacher chooses for the class
Children free to work independently on work of their choice vs. Teacher plans the work
Children stimulated to learn by curiosity vs. Teacher stimulates children to learn
Children set own pace vs. Teacher sets pace for entire class
Children work out of joy and curiosity vs. Teacher tells children to work
Self-motivation vs. Teacher motivates children
Long, free work periods vs. Planned activities
Children have uninterrupted work periods vs. Children interrupted by end of period
Freedom within limits vs. Controlling environment
Natural & logical consequences vs. Rewards & punishments
Emphasis on self-control and self-discipline vs. Teacher as disciplinarian
Conflict resolution is a key component vs. Discipline is focus

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